Welcome to Sharjah Seedbank and Herbarium Collection
The collection gallery contains photographs and descriptions of the UAE plants, which over the years, Sharjah Seed Bank and Herbarium researchers have come across, recorded, and preserved as either seed or herbarium specimens. The plant information provided is based on the description in literature1-4 and our experience with UAE flora, where a considerable number of field exploration trips have been carried out since 2012. The plants are grouped in families, and then listed alphabetically within each family. The current list is not an exhaustive list of SSBH collections and represents work in progress. The information other species will be included in a phased manner.
The United Arab Emirates has over 800 plant species representative of different life forms (herb, grass and sedges, shrub, and tree). Plant families, like Asteraceae, Poaceae, Fabaceae, Amaranthaceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, are well represented in the UAE flora. The four distinct ecological zones, including sand deserts, alluvial plains, coastal areas, and the mountains provide essential habitat for many different flora and fauna. Sand desert constitute most of the land surface of the country.
Four of the UAE/Oman Hajar Mountain endemics Lindenbergia arabica, Pteropyrum scoparium, Pulicaria edmondsonii and Schweinfurthia imbricata are seed banked at Sharjah Seed Bank and Herbarium. Conservation of UAE’s botanical heritage is of the utmost importance as multiple disturbances, and climate change can adversely affect the desert ecosystems, consequently may reduce the diversity and threaten the survival of many native desert species. (References)