Relevant studies utilizing various molecular and genomic techniques (RFLP, AFLP, RAPD, SCAR, EST, ISSR, SSR, microsatellites (SSR), SNP and DNA Barcoding) from the Arabian Peninsula were evaluated. The NCBI PubMed was used as a query builder to obtain and filter search results for a decade (2007-2017) which were segregated according to the country and molecular marker. Moreover, our result exhibits extensive use of the DNA barcoding technique than any other molecular and genomic methods in plant biodiversity assessment in method Arabian Peninsula. To provide an evidence on DNA Barcodes generated from Arabian Peninsula in the last ten years, we did a survey on NCBI GenBank and found that the core DNA Barcode marker, “rbcL” was the most sequenced barcode region, followed by matK and ITS2. This review article has been submitted for publication in Frontiers in Plant Science Journal.

We put forth a viewpoint discussing the importance of exploring desert plants that could be utilized in medicine, the environment and agriculture. These points states potential thrust areas for plant biotechnological research including: the stress responsive and disease resistance genes, transcripts, proteins, metabolites and microbiome of desert plants can provide benefits for various sectors such as conservation, environment, agriculture and medicine with the aid of plant biotechnology; the research work should focus more on applications including tissue culture, genetic engineering, marker-assisted selection, genomics and other related areas. It is also essential to strengthen plant biotechnology and molecular biology research and education by setting up new research centers of excellence and offering attractive fellowship programs.

In this review we have focused on recent progress achieved in the field of seed germination behavior and dormancy patterns in desert plants of the UAE. The importance of seed dormancy and germination in the life cycle of desert plants is also briefly discussed. During recent years, several aspects have been studied, including understanding seed germination behavior to determine of the optimal germination conditions, influences of environmental factors on seed germination, breaking of seed dormancy, effect of storage period on seed germination and seed heterogeneity effects on dormancy and germination. We highlighted researches in these areas by discussing patterns in germination behavior and dormancy of desert plants and provides a perspective for the future investigations in this field of research in UAE. Recent advances in these fields will allow seed biologists to explore new areas and to formulate new hypotheses in desert plant research. In particular, the emerging molecular biology techniques can pay major contributions to our insights of mechanisms that have evolved to mediate seed dormancy and germination in desert plants. Seed biology research has potential to make more contributions that are significant to the species conservation and restoration/revegetation programs.